Glossary of Terms
- Official warning
An official warning is a mandatory penalty with any finding of academic
misconduct. An official warning is a notation on the student's record
remaining either until graduation or, in some cases, until such time
as a remedial course has been successfully completed.
A bibliography is a list of all the works used when doing your research.
It might, therefore, include works that you did not specifically cite
in the text of your paper, but which were helpful to you as background
studies. The term "bibliography" is more often used in the arts and
social sciences than in the sciences, which would probably conclude
a research paper with "References," or "Works Cited" pages. These
last two formats list only the works actually cited in the paper.
- Primary sources
A primary source is the original text. It could be a literary or
philosophical work, an historical document, the report of original
research, or original data.
- Secondary sources
A secondary source is where other people write about or comment on
a topic. Examples are: biographies, writing about literary or philosophical
texts , political or historical events, discussions of scientific
data, or studies of issues.
- [ ]
A square bracket around letters or words indicates that the writer
has changed something from the author's original text.
- . . . .
These four spaced periods tell us that some words have been omitted
here as indicated by the first three dots. The fourth and last dot
indicates that the omitted text included at least the end of one sentence.
- Review of literature
For a discussion of how to write a review of literature see http://www.learningcommons.uoguelph.ca/Fastfacts-WritingLitReviews.html